This page allows you to see how Scotland is performing across our 81 National Indicators in more detail.
Following the National Performance Framework review in 2018, some new indicators were chosen and are still in development. They will be reported here when complete.
You can download the data underlying the National Performance Framework from the statistics.gov.scot open data platform.
Children and Young People
Child wellbeing and happiness
The proportion of children aged 4-12 who had a borderline or abnormal total difficulties score. Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of children in Scotland having an “abnormal” or “borderline” score on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire remained at 15% during the 2014-2017 and 2015-2018 years.
For scores collected in the 2015-2018 period, 15% of children were deemed as having an “abnormal” or “borderline” total difficulties score in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. While this was the same proportion as in the 2014-2017 period, there has been a 1% increase since the 2012-2015 period.
Percentage of young people who feel adults take their views into account in decisions that affect their lives. Find out more about this indicator.
In 2019, 61% of males agreed, compared with 55% of females. In terms of SIMD quintiles, those in the two most deprived quintiles were less likely to agree (55% in SIMD 1, 53% in SIMD 2) than those in the two least deprived quintiles (64% in SIMD 4, 60% in SIMD5). 54% of young people with a physical or mental health condition felt that adults took their views into account, compared with 62% of young people without a physical or mental health condition. There were no notable differences between urban and rural areas.
Perinatal Mortality Rate per 1,000 births (stillbirths plus deaths in the first week of life). Find out more about this indicator.
Scotland’s perinatal mortality rate – the rate of stillbirths and deaths of babies in the first week of life – has reduced by around 30% in the past decade, from 7.4 per 1000 births in 2008, to 5.1 per 1000 births in 2018. However, there has been little overall change since 2013.
Quality of children's services
Percentage of settings providing funded Early Learning and Childcare (ELC) achieving good or better across all four quality themes. Find out more about this indicator.
In 2018, the percentage of settings providing funded Early Learning and Childcare achieving Care Inspectorate grades of good or better across all four quality themes was 90.6%. This is a small decrease of 0.6 percentage points from the previous year.
Children have positive relationships
Percentage of S2 and S4 pupils who report to have "three or more" close friends. Find out more about this indicator.
The percentage of S2 and S4 pupils reported having at least three close friends was 82 per cent in 2018. This was a slight increase from 2013 and 2015 (81 per cent), but lower than 2010 (85 per cent)
Child material deprivation
Percentage of children in combined material deprivation and low income after housing costs (below 70% of UK median income). Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of children in low income and material deprivation was 12% in 2016-19, unchanged from the previous period.
Perceptions of local area
Percentage of adults who rate their neighbourhood as a very good place to live. Find out more about this indicator.
Overall ratings of neighbourhood have been consistently high, with over nine in ten adults typically saying their neighbourhood is a ‘very’ or ‘fairly’ good place to live. The percentage of people who rated their neighbourhood as a very good place to live had been gradually increasing from 51.1% in 2006 to 55.9% in 2011, remaining around this level since. The figure is at 57.4% in 2018.
Percentage of adults who report feeling lonely “some, most, almost all or all of the time” in the last week. Find out more about this indicator.
The percentage of adults who felt lonely some, most, almost all, or all of the time in the last week was 21.3%. This is the first year that these data have been collected.
Perceptions of local crime rate
Percentage of respondents who think crime in their area has stayed the same or reduced in the past 2 years. Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of adults saying that the local crime rate had stayed the same or reduced in the past two years was 72.6% in 2017/18, 75.5% in 2016/17, compared to 74.7% in 2014/15.
These figures show an increase in the number of assets in community ownership between 2017 and 2018. In 2018, the number of assets was 593 compared to 556 in 2017. This is 7% higher than in 2017. The latest figures from 2018 show a substantial change from the 2017 figure. Find out more about this indicator.
Proportion of adults who have been the victim of one or more crimes in the past year. Find out more about this indicator.
In 2017/18, one in eight adults (12.5%) were victims of crime, down from around one in five (20.4%) in 2008/09, but unchanged from 13.4% in 2016/17 – the apparent fall of 1.0 percentage points is not statistically significant.
Places to interact
Percentage of adults who agree that, in their neighbourhood, there are places where people can meet up and socialise. Find out more about this indicator.
The percentage of adults who tend to agree/strongly agree that there are places to meet up and socialise in their neighbourhood was 58.9%.
Access to green and blue space
Proportion of adults who live within a 5 minute walk of their local green or blue space. Find out more about this indicator.
In 2018, 65.3% of adults lived within a 5 minute walk of their nearest green or blue space, compared to 67.6% in 2013.
Social capital is the resource of social networks, community cohesion, social participation, trust and empowerment. The social capital index monitors aggregate changes in levels of social capital since 2013. The index is set to 100 in 2013. Find out more about this indicator.
The index trend has been stable and maintaining between 2013 and 2017. The change between 2017 and 2018 has been driven by the decrease in the social capital themes of ‘empowerment’ (feeling able to influence decisions) ‘networks’ (neighbourhood help and support), ‘participation’ (volunteering).
Attendance at cultural events or places of culture
Percentage of adults who have attended or visited a cultural event or place in the last 12 months. Find out more about this indicator.
Around eight in ten adults (81%) in Scotland had recently attended or visited a cultural event or place of culture in 2018. Women, younger people, those with degrees or professional qualifications, those with good physical and mental health, those living in less deprived areas and those with a higher household income are most likely to attend cultural events. This profile has remained the same over time.
Participation in a cultural activity
Percentage of adults who have participated in a cultural activity in the last 12 months. Find out more about this indicator.
Over three-quarters (76%) of adults participated in some form of cultural activity in 2018. Overall participation in cultural activities was higher among women, those with degrees or professional qualifications, those with good physical and mental health, those living in less deprived areas and those with a higher household income. The overall level of cultural participation does not change with age. However, the types of cultural activities people participate in changes with age for most activities.
Growth in the cultural economy
The amount of income generated by businesses, measured by Approximate Gross Value Added (aGVA), of the Creative Industries Growth Sector (GBP Millions). Find out more about this indicator.
Approximate Gross Value Added (GVA) for Scotland Creative Industries sector increased by 11.1% (in nominal terms) between 2016 and 2017, following a decrease between 2015 and 2016
People working in arts and culture
The number of jobs in the Creative Industries Growth Sector (culture and arts). Find out more about this indicator.
The number of jobs in Scotland’s Creative Industries sector increased by 13% between 2017 and 2018. The number of jobs in Scotland’s Creative Industries sector was estimated at 87,000 in 2018 – the highest level in the series, which goes back to 2009.
Scotland's Rank for productivity against key trading partners in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Find out more about this indicator.
In 2018 Scotland was ranked in 16th place (out of 37 countries) for productivity levels amongst OECD countries. There has been no change in ranking in the latest year. The Scottish Government has an ambition to reach the top quartile of OECD countries in terms of productivity. Since 2007, Scotland’s productivity rank has remained unchanged in the second quartile, at 16th.
Scotland’s productivity rank among OECD member countries has been maintained in 2018. In 2018 productivity levels in Scotland were 83.8% of the lowest level in the top quartile (France).
The value, in GBP millions, of Scottish exports (excluding oil and gas). Find out more about this indicator.
In 2018, the value of Scotland’s international exports (excluding oil and gas) stood at £33.8 billion. This represents an increase of 3.4% on the previous year when Scottish international exports were valued at £32.7 billion.
Exports increased in almost every year between 2010 and 2018 (2014 was the exception) and in 2018, were 38.7% higher than in 2010.
The difference (percentage point) between GDP growth rate and the previous three year average. Find out more about this indicator.
The annual GDP growth rate in Scotland in 2019 was 0.7% and the average annual GDP growth rate over the previous three years was 1.2%. As the most recent growth rate was more than 0.1 percentage points lower than the average for the previous three years, economic growth is currently worsening.
The annual GDP growth rate of Scotland was 0.4 percentage points lower than the average of the previous three years, indicating worsening economic conditions.
Scotland's carbon footprint expressed in million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. Find out more about this indicator.
Scotland’s carbon footprint reduced to the lowest since records began in 1998. Scotland's carbon footprint in 2016 was 74 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e). This is the largest year on year decrease since the recession (down 6.9% from 79 MtCO2e in 2015) and 26.9% lower than the peak of 2007 levels (101 MtCO2e).
The Natural Capital Asset Index (NCAI) monitors the quality and quantity of terrestrial habitats in Scotland, according to their potential to deliver ecosystem services now and into the future. It is a composite index, based (i.e. equal to 100) in the year 2000. Find out more about this indicator.
The Natural Capital Asset Index (NCAI) was 102.3 in 2018 and generally appears to have remained relatively stable since 2000. The NCAI was 102.0 in 2017 and 100.7 in 2015, showing increases of 0.3 and 1.6 percentage points respectively. The increase since the base year 2006 is 1.0 percentage points. The NCAI in 2018 is the highest since detailed monitoring began in 2000.
It is recognised that at this point in time, the NCAI still requires further development and refinement to produce a fully satisfactory measure. Despite this it is seen as a valuable addition to the indicator set. We will continue to work closely with key stakeholders over time to develop the NCAI and other potential future measures.
Greenhouse gas emissions
Greenhouse gas emissions as a percentage change achieved from the baseline figure in 1990. Find out more about this indicator.
In 2017, total Scottish greenhouse gas emissions (including international aviation and shipping), adjusted to take account of trading in the EU Emissions Trading System, were 46.41 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. This figure is 39 per cent lower than the Baseline Period.
Access to superfast broadband
Percentage of residential and non-residential addresses where superfast broadband is available. Find out more about this indicator.
The percentage of residential and non-residential premises where superfast broadband is available increased from 87% in 2017 to 92% in 2018.
Spend on research and development
Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a percentage of GDP. Find out more about this indicator.
Spending on research and development in Scotland increased between 2016 and 2017, from 1.53% of GDP in 2016 to 1.63% of GDP in 2017.
Income share of the top 10% of the population in Scotland divided by income share of the bottom 40% (Palma ratio) expressed as a percentage. Find out more about this indicator.
Income inequality is broadly stable. The total household income of the top ten percent of the population had 24% more income compared to the bottom forty percent in 2016-19. This compares to 27%, 24% and 21% more income in the previous periods.
The total household income of the top ten percent of the population had 24% more income compared to the bottom forty percent combined in 2016-19.
Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) rate: proportion of the adult working age population that is actively trying to start a business, or that own/manage a business which is less than 3.5 years old. Find out more about this indicator.
The Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) rate in Scotland fell by 0.4 percentage points between 2017 and 2018. Despite this, the TEA rate has increased by 1.3 percentage points since 2002, which was the first year for which comparable data is available.
The proportion of Primary 1,4 and 7 children achieving expected levels in literacy and numeracy has increased from 2017/18 levels, but this increase is below the threshold for change for this indicator and suggests performance maintaining.. There were also increases in the proportions of Secondary 3 pupils achieving level 3 literacy and numeracy. The increase for numeracy was above the threshold for change and suggests performance improving. However, the increase for literacy was not, suggesting performance maintaining.
Amongst school leavers, the proportion achieving 1 pass or more at SCQF levels 4,5 and 6 all fell compared to 2017/18. The decrease for level 4 and 5 was below the threshold for change, suggests performance maintaining. The decrease for SCQF level 6 was above the threshold, and suggests performance worsening.. Across all sub-measures in 2018-19, pupils from more deprived areas performed poorer than those from less deprived areas. Female pupils also out-performed male pupils on every sub-measure.
Confidence of children and young people
Resilience of children and young people
Work place learning
Percentage of employees who received on the job training in the last 3 months. Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of employees who have received job-related training within the last 3 months has decreased by 5.0 percentage points since 2007 and is now lower than at any previous point in the series.
Engagement in extra-curricular activities
Young people's participation
Percentage of young adults (16-19 year olds) participating in education, training or employment. Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of 16-19 year olds that were participating in education, training or employment has increased from 2016 to 2018 (1.4%). In 2019 the proportion of 16-19 year olds that were participating in education, training or employment was 91.6%, a decrease of 0.2% compared to the previous year (91.8%).
Skill profile of the population
Proportion of adults aged 16-64 with low or no qualifications at SCQF level 4 or below. Find out more about this indicator.
SCQF level 4 refers to qualifications at a level at or equivalent to Intermediate level 1 and General Standard Grade. The latest figures show that the proportion of adults aged 16-64 with low or no qualifications has increased from 10.8% in 2017 to 11.6% in 2018. Although there has been an increase over the last year, the proportion of adults with low or no qualifications is 4.8 percentage points lower than in 2007.
Skill shortage vacancies
Proportion of establishments reporting at least one skills shortage vacancy. Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of employers in Scotland with at least one skills shortage vacancy (SSV) was 6% in 2017, which has risen from 3% in 2011.
Proportion of establishments with at least one employee with skills and qualifications more advanced than required for their current job role. Find out more about this indicator.
There are two data points available for this National Indicator. The proportion of establishments with at least one employee with skills and qualifications more advanced than required for their current job role was 35% in 2017 compared to 32% in 2015. This is an increase of 3% from the previous survey.
Visits to the outdoors
Proportion of adults making one or more visits to the outdoors per week. Find out more about this indicator.
During 2018, 58.9% of adults are estimated to have visited the outdoors at least once a week, compared to 52.4% in 2017, and 44% in 2006, the baseline year.
State of historic sites
The percentage of pre-1919 dwellings (sites) classified as having disrepair to critical elements. Find out more about this indicator.
73% of pre-1919 dwellings were classified as having disrepair to critical elements in 2018, a similar rate to that measured in 2017 (68%). The proportion of pre-1919 dwellings classified as having disrepair to critical elements gradually increased from 73% in 2007 to a peak of 80% in 2012. The proportion decreased by 12 percentage points to 68% in 2015, and remained at a similar level in 2016 and 2017. In 2018, while the proportion appeared to increase 5 percentage points, from 68% in 2017, to 73% in 2018, this is within the survey’s margin of error.
Condition of protected nature sites
Percentage of natural features on protected nature sites found to be in favourable condition. Find out more about this indicator.
By the end of March 2020, 78.8% of natural features were assessed as being in a favourable condition, 0.1 percentage points lower than recorded in March 2019 and 2.8 percentage points higher than recorded in 2007.
Energy from renewable sources
Percentage of energy consumption which comes from renewable energy sources. Find out more about this indicator.
In 2018, the amount of energy generated in Scotland by renewable sources was 20.9% of total consumption, according to provisional figures. This was an increase of 1.7% compared with 19.2% of total consumption in 2017.
Over the decade there has been a general increase in the amount of energy generated in Scotland by renewable sources from 7.5% in 2009 to 20.9% in 2018. 2018 represents an increase of 1.7 percentage points compared to 2017. The rise is largely attributed to more wind being used to produce renewable electricity. An extra 1.0GW of wind capacity came online in 2017, which contributed to a 1,300 GWh increase in electricity generation via wind.
The amount of household waste generated in million tonnes. Find out more about this indicator.
The amount of household waste generated in Scotland fell by 2% (56 thousand tonnes) between 2017 and 2018. There has been a reduction of 8% since 2011, which was the first year comparable data was collected.
Index of abundance of Terrestrial Breeding Birds (1994 = 100). Find out more about this indicator.
The latest figures show a significant change in the index of abundance of terrestrial breeding birds between 2017 and 2018. In 2018, the index was 110.3 compared to 119.0 in 2017 (against a value of 100 in 1994).
The percentage of biogeographic regions with acceptably low levels of contaminants. Find out more about this indicator.
The concentrations of metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in biota (fish and shellfish) and sediment are at acceptable levels in 82.5% of Scottish marine waters.
Fair Work & Business
The number of businesses
The total number of private sector enterprises (registered for Value Added Tax and/or Pay As You Earn) in Scotland per 10,000 adults. Find out more about this indicator.
The provisional 2019 registered business stock rate, of 396 businesses per 10,000 adults, represents an increase from 2018. Since 2013 there has been a general trend of an increasing business stock rate, although there was a slight decrease in the rate between 2017 and 2018.
High growth businesses
The percentage of businesses which are high growth enterprises as a share of all registered enterprises. Find out more about this indicator.
In 2019, 1.1% of all registered businesses were high growth, up from the 2018 rate of 1.0%. The 2019 rate marks a return to growth for the high business growth share, following a decline between 2017 and 2018.
Scotland's position on labour market participation as the top performing country in the UK through a comparison of the employment rates in the 4 constituent countries of the UK. The gap between Scotland’s employment rate and the rate of the top performing country in the UK. Find out more about this indicator.
Last year, in Q4 2018, Scotland had an employment rate of 75.5 per cent, compared with Wales, whose employment rate of 76.2 per cent the highest of the 4 UK countries. The gap between these rates was therefore 0.7 percentage points to Scotland’s detriment. Scotland’s employment rate has decreased to 75.0 per cent in the latest year (Oct-Dec 2019), and is second highest of the 4 UK countries. England (with the highest rate of the 4 UK countries) has an employment rate of 76.9 per cent, giving a gap of -1.9 percentage points.
Employees on the living wage
Percentage of workers earning less than the living wage.
The proportion of employees earning less than the living wage has decreased from 18.8 per cent in 2012 to 16.9 per cent in 2019. The proportion of employees earning less than the living wage is now lower than at any previous point in the series, which began in 2012.
In 2019, the proportion of employees earning less than the living wage was 16.9 per cent, a decrease of 2.5 percentage points on the previous year.
The difference between male and female full-time hourly earnings, expressed as a percentage of male full-time hourly earnings.
The gender pay gap has narrowed considerably from 18.4 per cent in 1997 to 5.6 per cent in 2018, the narrowest since the series began. Having increased over the past year, however, the gap is now at its widest since 2015. In 2019, the gender pay gap (based on full-time employees) was 7.1 per cent, an increase of 1.5 percentage points on the previously year (based on data rounded to 1 decimal place, the increase exceeds the threshold for change). In 2019, the gender pay gap (based on full-time and part-time employees) was 14.3%, a decrease from 15.0% in 2018.
Contractually secure work
The percentage of employees who agree that they are affected by collective agreement, defined as whether agreement between trade union and employer affect pay and conditions. Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of employees who have reported that they are part of a collective agreement which affects their pay and conditions has fallen by 1.8 percentage points between 2007 and 2019.
The proportion of employees who have reported that they are part of a collective agreement which affects their pay and conditions has increased from 36.2 per cent in 2018 to 38.1 per cent in 2019.
Gender balance in organisations
Gap between male and female employment rate (positive gap represents higher male than female employment rate). Find out more about this indicator.
The gender employment gap has decreased by 2.9% since 2007, from 10.6% to 7.6 %.
Healthy life expectancy
The estimated average number of years that a new born female baby could be expected to live in ‘good’ or ‘very good’ health based on how individuals perceive their general health. Find out more about this indicator.
Healthy life expectancy was previously produced for Scotland by Information Services Division (ISD) within the NHS National Services, Scotland. Responsibility for production passed to ONS and NRS in 2018 as part of a programme of work to harmonise life expectancy and healthy life expectancy estimates across the UK.
A back series calculated using the new methodology shows that HLE has decreased by 0.8 years for females between 2009-2011 and 2016-2018 and has increased by 0.8 years for males between 2009-2011 and 2015-2018. Both of these changes are statistically significant
In 2016-2018, healthy life expectancy for males was 61.9 years, whilst for females the figure was 62.2 years. There was little change in healthy life expectancy between 2015-2017 and 2016-2018 for males or females.
Average score on Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS).
In 2018, the WEMWBS mean score for adults was 49.4. This is not significantly lower than the WEMWBS mean score for adults in 2017 (49.8), however it is the lowest mean score since the time series began in 2008 (mean scores had previously ranged between 49.7 and 50.0).
Percentage of adults (aged 16+) who are a healthy weight.
The percentage of adults (aged 16+) who were a normal weight in 2018 was 33%, the same as in 2017. The percentage of adults who are a normal weight has remained relatively stable over the past few years, ranging from 33%-35% between 2008 and 2017.
The percentage of children (aged 2 to 15) who are a healthy weight was 69% in 2018, a decrease of 3 percentage points since 2017. This decrease does not represent a significant change at the 95% confidence interval. The proportion of healthy-weight children has fluctuated since 2008, with the lowest prevalence occurring in 2011 (65%) and the highest in 2015 and 2017 (both 72%).
Health risk behaviours
Percentage of adults with two or more health risk behaviours (current smoker, harmful drinking, low physical activity, obesity).
The proportion of adults with two or more risk behaviours in 2018 was 29%, the same as in 2017. The percentage of adults with two or more risk behaviours has remained relatively stable since 2012, ranging from 28% to 32%.
Percentage of adults meeting physical activity recommendations.
Based on the current physical activity guidelines, the proportion of adults meeting the recommended level in 2018 was 66%, a one percentage point increase from 2017. This increase does not represent a significant change at the 95% confidence interval and the arrow is therefore performance maintaining
Revised guidelines on physical activity were introduced by the Chief Medical Officers of each of the four UK countries in July 2011. The previous recommended level of activity for adults was that they should do at least 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week (i.e. at least 5). The new guidelines are that adults should be moderately active for a minimum of 150 minutes a week.
Journeys by active travel
The proportion of short journeys less than 2 miles that are made by walking. This indicator also includes the proportion of journeys under 5 miles made by cycling, available to view on the Equality Evidence Finder. You can also find out more about this indicator.
Since 2012, the proportion of journeys under 2 miles made on foot has fallen from 48.5% to 43.0%. Over that time, the proportion of journeys under 5 miles made by bike rose from (1.5% in 2012 to 1.8% in 2018).
Work related ill health
European Age Standardised mortality rates per 100,000 for people under 75. Find out more about this indicator.
Since 1997, the rate of premature mortality decreased year-on-year until 2015 when there was an increase. The rate decreased again in 2017 and remained relatively stable in 2018, however, it remains at a higher level than in 2014, the lowest year on record. Despite the higher mortality rate after 2014, premature mortality rates are currently 17 per cent lower than in 2006. However, this decrease has not been equal across socio-economic status, with premature mortality rates in the most deprived areas 3.3 times higher than in the least deprived areas in 2018. The deprivation mortality gap has widened since 2001 when premature mortality rates in the most deprived areas were 2.5 times higher than in the least deprived areas.
Public services treat people with dignity and respect
Quality of public services
Percentage of respondents who are fairly or very satisfied with the quality of local services (local health services, local schools and public transport). Find out more about this indicator.
The percentage of adults satisfied with local health services, local schools and public transport in 2018 was 51.7%, down from the level in 2007 of 57.1% (the first year these data were collected). Levels of satisfaction have decreased from a peak of 66.0% in 2011.
Influence over local decisions
Percentage of people who agree with the statement "I can influence decisions affecting my local area". Find out more about this indicator.
In 2018, 20.1% of people agreed that they can influence decisions affecting their local area. This is a decrease of 2.6 percentage points since last year, and is similar to the level of 19.6% in 2007 – the lowest level since first measured.
Access to justice
The proportion of adults who are confident that the Scottish Criminal Justice System, as a whole, makes sure everyone has access to the justice system if they need it. Find out more about this indicator.
The proportion of adults who were confident that the Scottish justice system makes sure everyone has access to the justice system if they need it increased from 69.6% in 2008/09 to 75.2% in 2017/18
A positive experience for people coming to Scotland
Anholt GfK-Roper Nation Brands Index (NBI): Average scores of the six dimensions of national competence, given as a value (not percentage) out of 100. Find out more about this indicator.
Scotland’s overall score on the Anholt-GfK Roper Nation Brands IndexSM (NBISM) was 62.7 in 2018, an increase of 0.5 points since the last measurement in 2016 (62.2). This is the highest score Scotland has received since the baseline study in 2008 (60.2). The score positions Scotland 16th across 50 evaluated countries around the world. Countries that did better than Scotland and ranked in the Top 10 were Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, France, Canada, Italy, United States, Switzerland, Sweden and Australia.
This indicator measures the number of council areas experiencing population decline.
Whilst Scotland’s total population is growing, this is not uniform across all of Scotland. This measure helps monitor how many councils are experiencing depopulation. Over the latest year to mid-2019, 8 council areas experienced a falling population (mostly island and rural areas, as well as areas in the west of Scotland). This is an improving position from 14 council areas in mid-2018.
See maps for details of population change by council area, as well as population change by small area (data zone) to show every council has areas of population growth and decline.
The Scottish Government’s Ministerial Taskforce on Population is helping tackle Scotland’s population challenges – find out more about this in the population factsheet and access the population dashboard to see the full range of indicators being used to monitor progress.
Trust in public organisations
Contribution of development support to other nations
Relative poverty after housing costs
The proportion of individuals living in private households with an equivalised income of less than 60% of the UK median after housing costs. Find out more about this indicator.
19% of the population lived in relative poverty after housing costs in 2016-19, following a broadly stable trend with 20%, 19% and 19% in poverty in the three previous periods.
The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality where 0 expresses perfect equality (every household has the same wealth) and 100 expresses maximal inequality (one household has all the wealth and all others have none). Find out more about this indicator.
Wealth inequality in households in Scotland as measured by the Gini coefficient was at 62 in 2016-2018, compared to 60 in 2014-2016 and 62 in 2012-2014. The Gini coefficient of wealth inequality has fluctuated in previous years with no clear trend.
Cost of living
Cost of living refers to the percentage of net income spent on housing, fuel and food by households in Scotland and is measured as a three-year rolling average. Find out more about this indicator.
The cost of living has been relatively stable since the first data point for this indicator, 2013-14 – 2015/16. The cost of living for households with children has been similar to all households since 2013-14 – 2015/16. However, households with incomes in the lowest three deciles (both with and without children) have almost double the cost of living compared with all households in Scotland.
The Unmanageable Debt indicator measures the percentage of households where the household is falling behind with bills or credit commitments and either making excessive debt repayments or is in arrears on monthly commitments (liquidity problems); or where the household is burdened by high debt levels relative to annual income (solvency problems). Find out more about this indicator.
2.9% of households in Scotland were in unmanageable debt in 2016-2018. This compares to 2.8% in 2014-2016 and 4.0% in 2012-2014. The estimated proportion of households in unmanageable debt stayed the same compared to the previous period. This suggests that performance is maintaining.
The proportion of people in Scotland living in relative poverty after housing costs for three out of the last four years. Find out more about this indicator.
13% of the population lived in persistent poverty after housing costs in 2014-2018. This means they were in relative poverty after housing costs for at least 3 out of the 4 years in the reference period. This compares to 12%, 11% and 10% in the three previous periods, suggesting a worsening trend.
Satisfaction with housing
The percentage of households who report being either "very satisfied" or "fairly satisfied" with their house or flat. Find out more about this indicator.
Overall ratings of housing satisfaction have been consistently high, with over nine in ten households typically reporting they are “very” or “fairly satisfied” with their house or flat since 2007. The figure is at 90.3% in 2018.