This page allows you to see how Scotland is performing across our 81 National Indicators in more detail.


Following the National Performance Framework review in 2018, some new indicators were chosen and are still in development. They will be reported here when complete.

You can download the data underlying the National Performance Framework from the statistics.gov.scot open data platform.

For a short guide to understand the information provided on this page, please see our Guide to the NPF Indicators.

 

Children and Young People

Child social and physical development

The percentage of eligible children with no concerns, at their 27-30 month review. Find out more about this indicator.

Breakdowns for this indicator are available by language spoken, ethnicity, gender, looked after children status and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance to be confirmed

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Child wellbeing and happiness

The proportion of children aged 4-12 who had a borderline or abnormal total difficulties score. Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of children in Scotland having an “abnormal” or “borderline” score on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire remained at 15% during the 2014-2017 and 2015-2018 years.

For scores collected in the 2015-2018 period, 15% of children  were deemed as having an “abnormal” or “borderline” total difficulties score in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. While this was the same proportion as in the 2014-2017 period, there has been a 1% increase since the 2012-2015 period.

Breakdowns for this are available for total difficulties and across 5 dimensions of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire, as well as by age, gender, income, limiting longstanding illness and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Children's voices

Percentage of young people who feel adults take their views into account in decisions that affect their lives. Find out more about this indicator.

In 2019, 61% of males agreed, compared with 55% of females.  In terms of SIMD quintiles, those in the two most deprived quintiles were less likely to agree (55% in SIMD 1, 53% in SIMD 2) than those in the two least deprived quintiles (64% in SIMD 4, 60% in SIMD5). 54% of young people with a physical or mental health condition felt that adults took their views into account, compared with 62% of young people without a physical or mental health condition. There were no notable differences between urban and rural areas.

Breakdowns for this indicator are available by age, gender, school year, ethnicity, religion, long term illness or disability, urban/rural classification and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Healthy start

Perinatal Mortality Rate per 1,000 births (stillbirths plus deaths in the first week of life). Find out more about this indicator.

Scotland’s perinatal mortality rate – the rate of stillbirths and deaths of babies in the first week of life – has reduced by around 30% in the past decade, from 7.4 per 1000 births in 2008, to 5.2 per 1000 births in 2019.

Scotland’s perinatal mortality rate increased from 5.1 per 1,000 births to 5.2 per 1,000 births between 2018 and 2019.

In 2019, Scotland’s perinatal mortality rate was 5.4 per 1,000 births and 4.9 per 1,000 births for males and females respectively.

This indicator can be broken down by gender and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (for three year groupings). Breakdowns for this indicator can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Quality of children's services

Percentage of settings providing funded Early Learning and Childcare (ELC) achieving good or better across all four quality themes. Find out more about this indicator.

In 2018, the percentage of settings providing funded Early Learning and Childcare achieving Care Inspectorate grades of good or better across all four quality themes was 90.6%. This is a small decrease of 0.6 percentage points from the previous year.

In 2018, the percentage of settings providing funded Early Learning and Childcare achieving Care Inspectorate grades of good or better across all four quality themes was 93.0% for children and family centres, 91.1% for nurseries and 81.0% for playgroups.

This indicator is broken down by service category (playgroup, nursery or children & family centre). Breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Children have positive relationships

Percentage of S2 and S4 pupils who report to have "three or more" close friends. Find out more about this indicator.

The percentage of S2 and S4 pupils reported having at least three close friends was 82 per cent in 2018. This was a slight increase from 2013 and 2015 (81 per cent), but lower than 2010 (85 per cent).

The percentage was slightly higher among

  • S4 pupils (84 per cent) than S2 pupils (80 per cent);

  • children from the least deprived areas (83 per cent) than those from the most deprived areas (80 per cent);

  • those who were not carers (83 per cent) than carers (79 per cent);

  • and those without a long term illness of disability (84 per cent) than those without such an illness (75 per cent).

This indicator can be broken down by gender, year group, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, carer status, parental status and disability. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Child material deprivation

Percentage of children in combined material deprivation and low income after housing costs (below 70% of UK median income). Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of children in low income and material deprivation was 12% in 2016-19, unchanged from the previous period.

Data is available broken down by disability/no disability in household, lone parent/no lone parent in household, and age of child. These can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Communities

Perceptions of local area

Percentage of adults who rate their neighbourhood as a very good place to live. Find out more about this indicator.

Overall ratings of neighbourhood have been consistently high, with over nine in ten adults typically saying their neighbourhood is a ‘very’ or ‘fairly’ good place to live.  The percentage of people who rated their neighbourhood as a very good place to live had been gradually increasing from 51.1% in 2006 to 55.9% in 2011 remaining around this level since. The figure is at 57.0% in 2019.

The percentage of people who rated their neighbourhood as a very good place to live went from 57.4% in 2018 to 57.0% in 2019. There was an increase of 5.9 percentage points from 51.1% in the baseline year of 2006.

Neighbourhood perceptions increased with age - 49% of adults aged 16 to 24 rated their neighbourhood as a very good place to live, increasing to 68% of adults aged 75 and over in 2019.

In 2019, adults from a white ethnic background were more likely to rate their neighbourhood as a very good place to live (58% of adults), compared to adults from minority ethnic groups (46% of adults).

There was no difference in ratings reported by men or women in 2019.

In 2019, adults who didn’t have a disability were more likely to rate their neighbourhood as a very good place to live (59% of adults), compared to those who did have a disability (51% of adults). This is similar to ratings between 2014 and 2018.

There is a trend in neighbourhood ratings between adults with different religions. Adults recorded as Church of Scotland or Other Christian religions have consistently rated their neighbourhood higher than those recorded as None.

Deprivation reveals area-based differences, as the proportion rating their neighbourhood as a very good place to live increased significantly as deprivation declined. Of those living in the 20% most deprived areas of Scotland in 2019, 32% rated their neighbourhood as a very good place to live, rising to 77% for those living in the 20% least deprived areas. This is a similar trend to previous years

There is a pattern in perceived neighbourhood ratings between urban and rural areas.  People living in remote rural areas were the most likely to rate their neighbourhood as a very good place to live (80% of adults in 2019), compared to half for those living in large urban areas (50% of adults in 2019).

Breakdowns for this indicator are available by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, religion, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, urban/rural classification and local authority. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Loneliness

Percentage of adults who report feeling lonely “some, most, almost all or all of the time” in the last week. Find out more about this indicator.

The percentage of adults who felt lonely some, most, almost all, or all of the time in the last week was 21.3%. This is the first year that these data have been collected.

There are breakdowns for this indicator by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, Urban/Rural classification and local authority. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance to be confirmed

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Perceptions of local crime rate

Percentage of respondents who think crime in their area has stayed the same or reduced in the past 2 years. Find out more about this indicator.

The public remain positive about the level of crime in their local area. The proportion of adults saying that the local crime rate had stayed the same or reduced in the past two years was 73% in 2018/19. This figure has risen from 69% in 2008/09 and is consistent with the finding in 2017/18 (73%).

Views on the local crime rate varied by demographic and geographic characteristics:

  • a greater proportion of men than women (78% compared to 69%) thought that the local crime rate had stayed the same or reduced in the past two years

  • fewer victims of crime than non-victims (62% compared to 75%) thought that the local crime rate had stayed the same or reduced in the past two years

  • people in the 15% most deprived areas were less likely to think the local crime rate had stayed the same or reduced than those living elsewhere in Scotland (67% compared to 74%)

Breakdowns for this indicator are available by age, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and victim status. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

 

Performance Maintaining

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Community ownership

The number of assets in community ownership. Find out more about this indicator.

These figures show an increase in the number of assets in community ownership between 2018 and 2019. In 2019, the number of assets was 590 compared to 562 in 2018This is 5% higher than in 2018. The latest figures from 2019 show a substantial change from the 2018 figure.

This indicator can be broken down by local authority. This breakdown can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Crime victimisation

Proportion of adults who have been the victim of one or more crimes in the past year. Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of adults experiencing crime has maintained. In 2018/19, one-in-eight adults (12.4%) were victims of crime, unchanged from 2017/18 (12.5%), but down from around one-in-five (20.4%) in 2008/09.

The likelihood of experiencing crime varied by demographic and geographic characteristics. For instance, the likelihood of experiencing crime in 2018/19:

  • was lowest for people aged 60 and over (6.3% compared to 19.3% for 16-24, 14.7% for 25-44 and 13.4% for those aged 45-59)

  • was greater for adults in the 15% most deprived areas compared to those living elsewhere in Scotland (16.0% compared to 11.8%)

  • was greater in urban areas than in rural locations (13.4% compared to 7.2%)

There was no significant difference between men and women (11.5% compared to 13.4%).

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

 

Performance Maintaining

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Places to interact

Percentage of adults who agree that, in their neighbourhood, there are places where people can meet up and socialise. Find out more about this indicator.

The percentage of adults who tend to agree/strongly agree that there are places to meet up and socialise in their neighbourhood was 57% in 2019. This was two percentage points lower than the 2018 measure (59%)

There is not very much variation between age categories. The highest level of agreement is for people who are aged over 75 (61%) and the lowest level of agreement is for people aged 35 to 44 (55%).

There are similar levels of agreement among men (57%) and women (58%).

Disabled people are less likely to agree that there are places to interact (51%) compared with people who are not disabled (59%).

White Scottish people are more likely to agree (57%) than people with a minority ethnicity (51%).

There are similar levels of agreement in areas classified as urban (57%) and rural (59%).

There is a larger amount of variation by deprivation. People in the 20% most deprived parts of Scotland are much less likely to agree with this statement (48%) than people in the 20% least deprived parts of Scotland (61%).

Breakdowns for this indicator are available by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, Urban/rural classification and local authority. These breakdowns can be viewed using the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Worsening

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Access to green and blue space

Proportion of adults who live within a 5 minute walk of their local green or blue space. Find out more about this indicator.

65.6% of adults lived within a 5 minute walk of their nearest green or blue space in 2019, compared to 65.3% in 2018.

People living in the most deprived areas are less likely to live within a 5 minute walk of their nearest greenspace than people in less deprived areas. This observation has been consistent over the time series the data has been collected.

In 2019, those in the 75+ age group were less likely to live within a 5 minute walk of the nearest greenspace compared to younger age groups.

There was also a marked difference by ethnicity, with 66% of those from the white ethnic group reporting living within a five 5 minute walk  of the nearest greenspace, compared to 46% of those from ethnic minorities.

Those responding as having no religion or as Christian were also more likely to live within 5 minutes of a greenspace compared to those belonging to another religion.

Breakdowns of data by age, disability, ethnicity, gender, local authority, religion, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification are available in the Data Explorer.

Performance Maintaining

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Social capital

Social capital is the resource of social networks, community cohesion, social participation, trust and empowerment. The social capital index monitors aggregate changes in levels of social capital since 2013. The index is set to 100 in 2013. Find out more about this indicator.

The index trend has been stable and maintaining between 2013 and 2017. The change between 2017 and 2019 has been driven by the decrease in the social capital themes of ‘empowerment’ (feeling able to influence decisions) ‘networks’ (neighbourhood help and support), ‘participation’ (volunteering).

The Social Capital index is at 93 index points which is 7 points lower than the 2013 baseline (100) and the index score for 2018 (95). This change between 2018 and 2019 was statistically significant.

Performance Worsening

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Culture

Attendance at cultural events or places of culture

Percentage of adults who have attended or visited a cultural event or place in the last 12 months. Find out more about this indicator.

2019 data show that around eight in ten adults (81 per cent) in Scotland had had attended or visited a cultural event or place of culture in the last 12 months.

Overall, attendance was higher among women, younger people, those with degrees or professional qualifications, those with no long-term physical or mental health conditions (when comparing those with no reported long-term physical or mental health conditions and those with any reported long-term physical or mental health conditions), those living in less deprived areas and those with a higher household income.

This indicator can be broken down by gender, age, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, Disability, Religion, Ethnicity, Urban/rural classification, local authority, and highest level of qualification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Participation in a cultural activity

Percentage of adults who have participated in a cultural activity in the last 12 months. Find out more about this indicator.

2019 data show that three-quarters (75 per cent) of adults had participated in some form of cultural activity in  the last 12 months.

Overall participation in cultural activities was higher among women, those with degrees or professional qualifications, those with no long-term physical or mental health conditions (when comparing those with no reported long-term physical or mental health conditions and those with any reported long-term physical or mental health conditions), those living in less deprived areas, and those with a higher household income. Differences in participation between age groups were less marked.

Breakdowns for this indicator by gender, age, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, disability, religion, ethnicity, urban/rural classification, local authority and highest level of qualification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

 

Performance Maintaining

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Growth in the cultural economy

The amount of income generated by businesses, measured by Approximate Gross Value Added (aGVA), of the Creative Industries Growth Sector (GBP Millions). Find out more about this indicator.

Approximate Gross Value Added (GVA) for Scotland Creative Industries sector decreased by 6.3% (in nominal terms) between 2017 and 2018, following an increase between 2016 and 2017.

Breakdowns for this indicator are available by local authority, sector and sub-sector. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Worsening

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People working in arts and culture

The number of jobs in the Creative Industries Growth Sector (culture and arts). Find out more about this indicator.

The number of jobs in Scotland’s Creative Industries sector increased by 13% between 2017 and 2018. The number of jobs in Scotland’s Creative Industries sector was estimated at 87,000 in 2018 – the highest level in the series, which goes back to 2009.

Breakdowns for this indicator are available for sector and local authority. These can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Economy

Productivity

Scotland's Rank for productivity against key trading partners in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Find out more about this indicator.

In 2018 Scotland was ranked in 16th place (out of 37 countries) for productivity levels amongst OECD countries. There has been no change in ranking in the latest year. The Scottish Government has an ambition to reach the top quartile of OECD countries in terms of productivity. Since 2007, Scotland’s productivity rank has remained unchanged in the second quartile, at 16th.

Scotland’s productivity rank among OECD member countries has been maintained in 2018. In 2018 productivity levels in Scotland were 83.8% of the lowest level in the top quartile (France).

Performance Maintaining

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International exporting

The value, in GBP millions, of Scottish exports (excluding oil and gas). Find out more about this indicator.

In 2018, the value of Scotland’s international exports (excluding oil and gas) stood at £33.8 billion. This represents an increase of 3.4% on the previous year when Scottish international exports were valued at £32.7 billion.

Exports increased in almost every year between 2010 and 2018 (2014 was the exception) and in 2018, were 38.7% higher than in 2010.

Performance Improving

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Economic growth

The difference (percentage point) between GDP growth rate and the previous three year average. Find out more about this indicator.

The annual GDP growth rate in Scotland in 2019 was 0.7% and the average annual GDP growth rate over the previous three years was 1.2%. As the most recent growth rate was more than 0.1 percentage points lower than the average for the previous three years, economic growth is currently worsening.

The annual GDP growth rate of Scotland was 0.4 percentage points lower than the average of the previous three years, indicating worsening economic conditions.

Performance Worsening

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Carbon footprint

Scotland's carbon footprint expressed in million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent. Find out more about this indicator.

Scotland’s carbon footprint reduced to the lowest since records began in 1998. Scotland's carbon footprint in 2016 was 74 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e). This is the largest year on year decrease since the recession (down 6.9% from 79 MtCO2e in 2015) and 26.9% lower than the peak of 2007 levels (101 MtCO2e).

Performance Improving

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Natural capital

The Natural Capital Asset Index (NCAI) monitors the quality and quantity of terrestrial habitats in Scotland, according to their potential to deliver ecosystem services now and into the future. It is a composite index, based (i.e. equal to 100) in the year 2000. Find out more about this indicator.

The Natural Capital Asset Index (NCAI) was 102.3 in 2018 and generally appears to have remained relatively stable since 2000. The NCAI was 102.0 in 2017 and 100.7 in 2015, showing increases of 0.3 and 1.6 percentage points respectively. The increase since the base year 2006 is 1.0 percentage points. The NCAI in 2018 is the highest since detailed monitoring began in 2000.

It is recognised that at this point in time, the NCAI still requires further development and refinement to produce a fully satisfactory measure. Despite this it is seen as a valuable addition to the indicator set. We will continue to work closely with key stakeholders over time to develop the NCAI and other potential future measures.

This indicator can be broken down by category and habitat. Breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Greenhouse gas emissions

Greenhouse gas emissions as a percentage change achieved from the baseline figure in 1990. Find out more about this indicator.

In 2018, Scotland’s GHG Account for assessing progress to statutory targets, indicated a reduction of 50.0 per cent in emissions from 1990 for the majority of greenhouse gases and 1995 for F-gases, compared to a target of a 54.0 per cent reduction.

In September 2019, the Climate Change (Emissions Reduction Targets) (Scotland) Act 2019 attained Royal assent.  This act included a  new method of assessing performance against statutory emissions-reduction targets which was recommended by the Committee on Climate Change. Please click here to view the data from this change.

As a result of this change, which takes effect from 2018 onward, the previous NPF indicator involves a new time-series from 2018 onwards.

Performance Worsening

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Access to superfast broadband

Percentage of residential and non-residential addresses where superfast broadband is available. Find out more about this indicator.

The percentage of residential and non-residential premises where superfast broadband is available increased from 87% in 2017 to 92% in 2018.

This indicator can be broken down by local authority area and urban/rural breakdown. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Spend on research and development

This indicator measures Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a percentage of GDP. Find out more about this indicator.

Total research and development spending as a share of GDP was estimated at 1.65% for Scotland in 2018.

Spending on research and development in Scotland increased between 2007 and 2018, from an estimated 1.24% of GDP in 2007 to 1.65% of GDP in 2018. 

This indicator can be broken down by sector, and can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Income inequality

Income share of the top 10% of the population in Scotland divided by income share of the bottom 40% (Palma ratio) expressed as a percentage. Find out more about this indicator.

Income inequality is broadly stable. The total household income of the top ten percent of the population had 24% more income compared to the bottom forty percent in 2016-19. This compares to 27%, 24% and 21% more income in the previous periods. 

The total household income of the top ten percent of the population had 24% more income compared to the bottom forty percent combined in 2016-19.

Performance Maintaining

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Entrepreneurial activity

Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) rate: proportion of the adult working age population that is actively trying to start a business, or that own/manage a business which is less than 3.5 years old. Find out more about this indicator.

The Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) rate in Scotland fell by 0.4 percentage points between 2017 and 2018. Despite this, the TEA rate has increased by 1.3 percentage points since 2002, which was the first year for which comparable data is available.

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Education

Educational attainment

This indicator is composed of 7 sub-measures. You can view the sub-measures in the Equality Evidence Finder and read more about the measures here.

The proportion of Primary 1,4 and 7 children achieving expected levels in literacy and numeracy has increased from 2017/18 levels, but this increase is below the threshold for change for this indicator and suggests performance maintaining.. There were also increases in the proportions of Secondary 3 pupils achieving level 3 literacy and numeracy. The increase for numeracy was above the threshold for change and suggests performance improving. However, the increase for literacy was not, suggesting performance maintaining.

Amongst school leavers, the proportion achieving 1 pass or more at SCQF levels 4,5 and 6 all fell compared to 2017/18. The decrease for level 4 and 5 was below the threshold for change, suggests performance maintaining. The decrease for SCQF level 6 was above the threshold, and suggests performance worsening.. Across all sub-measures in 2018-19, pupils from more deprived areas performed poorer than those from less deprived areas. Female pupils also out-performed male pupils on every sub-measure.

This indicator can be broken down by ethnicity, gender, local authority and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Work place learning

This indicator measures the percentage of employees who received on the job training in the last 3 months. Find out more about this indicator.

Although the proportion of employees who have received job-related training within the last 3 months has increased over the past year, the latest estimate is 3.8 percentage points lower than in 2007.

In 2019, the proportion of employees who had received job-related training in the last 3 months was 23.7 per cent, 1.2 percentage points higher than in 2018.

This indicator can be broken down by age, disability, ethnicity and gender. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Young people's participation

Percentage of young adults (16-19 year olds) participating in education, training or employment. Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of 16-19 year olds that were participating in education, training or employment increased from 2016 to 2018 (1.4 pp). In 2019 this decreased by 0.2 pp compared to the previous year. In 2020 the proportion of 16-19 year olds that were participating in education, training or employment was 92.1%, an increase of 0.5 pp compared to the previous year (91.6%). This is the highest participation rate recorded since the inception of the participation measure.

Overall, those who live in more deprived areas are less likely to be reported as participating compared to those from less deprived areas.  There is a 9.9 pp gap in the participation rate between those from the most deprived areas (SIMD quintile 1) and the least deprived areas (SIMD quintile 5). The participation rate has increased between 2019 and 2020 for all the quintiles.

The participation rate for 16-19 year old females is 92.9%, in comparison to 91.4% for males.  The percentage of both females and males participating has increased between 2019 and 2020 annual participation measures but the gap between the two widened to 1.5 pp in 2020 compared to 1.3 pp in 2019.

95.2% of the non-white ethnic group of 16-19 year olds are participating (3.2 pp higher than the rate for those identified as white).  The participation gap here has decreased by 0.5 pp (3.2 pp in 2020 compared to 3.7 pp in 2019).

The participation rate of 16-19 year olds identified with a disability is 89.0% (3.3 pp lower than those identified as not disabled). In 2019 the disability participation gap was 4.8 pp and in 2020 this was 3.3 pp. The drivers of this were participation in education amongst those identified as disabled increasing at a faster rate than those not identified as disabled, and a decrease in those with an unconfirmed status. The percentage of those identified as disabled and participating in employment is 11%.  This remains markedly lower than those not identified as disabled (18.6%).

This indicator can be broken down by age, disability, ethnicity, gender and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Skill profile of the population

Proportion of adults aged 16-64 with low or no qualifications at SCQF level 4 or below. Find out more about this indicator.

SCQF level 4 refers to qualifications at a level at or equivalent to Intermediate level 1 and General Standard Grade. The latest figures show that the 11.6% of adults aged 16-64 have low or no qualifications and that this proportion has not changed between 2018 and 2019.

Although there has been no change over the last year, the proportion of adults with low or no qualifications is 4.8 percentage points lower than in 2007.

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, disability, ethnicity, religion, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Skills underutilisation

Proportion of establishments with at least one employee with skills and qualifications more advanced than required for their current job role. Find out more about this indicator.

There are two data points available for this National Indicator. The proportion of establishments with at least one employee with skills and qualifications more advanced than required for their current job role was 35% in 2017 compared to 32% in 2015. This is an increase of 3 percentage points from the previous survey.

This indicator can be broken down by establishment size, region and sector. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Worsening

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Environment

Visits to the outdoors

Proportion of adults making one or more visits to the outdoors per week. Find out more about this indicator.

During 2019, 56.0% of adults are estimated to have visited the outdoors at least once a week, compared to 58.9% in 2018, and 44% in 2006, the baseline year.

Adults who reported their health to be good or very good were much more likely to visit the outdoors once a week than adults who reported their health to be bad or very bad. Similarly adults aged 75+ were less likely to visit the outdoors at least once a week compared to younger age groups.  Adults living in less deprived areas were also more likely to visit the outdoors weekly than those living in more deprived areas.

In 2019 men were more likely than women to visit the outdoors weekly (58 percent compared to 54 percent). This was also found in 2017 when the figures were 54 percent and 51 percent, respectively. No such difference between men and women was observed in 2018.

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, urban/rural classification, self-perception of health, disability, ethnicity and religion. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Worsening

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State of historic sites

The percentage of pre-1919 dwellings (sites) classified as having disrepair to critical elements. Find out more about this indicator.

73% of pre-1919 dwellings were classified as having disrepair to critical elements in 2018, a similar rate to that measured in 2017 (68%). The proportion of pre-1919 dwellings classified as having disrepair to critical elements gradually increased from 73% in 2007 to a peak of 80% in 2012. The proportion decreased by 12 percentage points to 68% in 2015, and remained at a similar level in 2016 and 2017. In 2018, while the proportion appeared to increase 5 percentage points, from 68% in 2017, to 73% in 2018, this is within the survey’s margin of error.

This indicator can be broken down by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Condition of protected nature sites

Percentage of natural features on protected nature sites found to be in favourable condition. Find out more about this indicator.

By the end of March 2020, 78.8% of natural features were assessed as being in a favourable condition, 0.1 percentage points lower than recorded in March 2019 and 2.8 percentage points higher than recorded in 2007.

Performance Maintaining

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Energy from renewable sources

Percentage of energy consumption which comes from renewable energy sources. Find out more about this indicator.

In 2018, the amount of energy generated in Scotland by renewable sources was 21.3% of total consumption according to provisional figures. This was an increase of 1.9 percentage points compared with 19.2% in 2017.

Over the decade there has been a general increase in the amount of energy generated in Scotland by renewable sources from 7.6% in 2009 to 21.3% in 2018.  

2018 represents an increase of 2 percentage points compared to 2017.  The rise is largely attributed to greater renewable electricity generation - over 1,500 GWh extra renewable electricity generated between 2017 and 2018 thanks to an additional 0.7 GW installed capacity, mainly onshore and offshore wind projects.

This indicator can be broken down by energy type. This breakdown can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Waste generated

This indicator measures the amount of household waste generated in million tonnes. Find out more about this indicator.

The amount of household waste generated in Scotland rose by 0.7 per cent (17 thousand tonnes) between 2018 and 2019. There has been a reduction of 7 per cent since 2011, which was the first year comparable data was collected.

This indicator can be broken down by local authority, and by local authority (per capita). This breakdown can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Clean seas

The percentage of biogeographic regions with acceptably low levels of contaminants. Find out more about this indicator.

The concentrations of metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in biota (fish and shellfish) and sediment are at acceptable levels in 82.5% of Scottish marine waters.

Performance Improving

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Fair Work & Business

The number of businesses

The total number of private sector enterprises (registered for Value Added Tax and/or Pay As You Earn) in Scotland per 10,000 adults. Find out more about this indicator.

The provisional 2020 registered business stock rate, of 395 businesses per 10,000 adults, represents an increase from the 2019 rate of 394 businesses per 10,000 adults.

Note that the 2020 registered business stock is the position as at March 2020, and does not capture changes in the business population caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

This indicator can be broken down by employee sizeband, industry sector, local authority and region of ownership. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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High growth businesses

The percentage of businesses which are high growth enterprises as a share of all registered enterprises. Find out more about this indicator.

In 2020, 1.0% of all registered businesses were high growth, down from the 2019 rate of 1.1%.

Note that the 2020 registered business stock is the position as at March 2020, and does not capture changes in the business population caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.

This indicator can be broken down by industry sector, local authority and region of ownership. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Worsening

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Innovative businesses

This indicator measures the proportion of businesses that were innovation active during the survey period. Find out more about this indicator.

The share of innovation active businesses in Scotland in 2016-2018 was 32.2%.

The proportion of businesses that were innovation active decreased from 45.0% in 2014-16 (2017 Survey) to 32.2% in 2016-18 (2019 Survey).

Performance Worsening

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Economic participation

Scotland's position on labour market participation as the top performing country in the UK through a comparison of the employment rates in the 4 constituent countries of the UK. The gap between Scotland’s employment rate and the rate of the top performing country in the UK. Find out more about this indicator.

Last year, in Q1 2019, Scotland had an employment rate of 75.4%, compared with England, whose employment rate of 76.3% was the highest of the 4 UK countries. The gap between these rates was therefore 0.9 percentage points to Scotland’s detriment.

Scotland’s employment rate has decreased to 74.7% in the latest year (Jan-Mar 2020) and remains the second highest of the 4 UK countries. England (with the highest rate of the 4 UK countries) has an employment rate of 77.1%, giving a gap of -2.4 percentage points.

 

So over the year, the gap has shifted by 1.5 percentage points to Scotland’s detriment.

Please note that figures for change over the year and gap between Scotland and England are based on unrounded figures.

Scotland’s employment rate of 74.7% for Q1 2020 is the second highest across the 4 UK countries, 2.4 percentage points below the rate for England. 

This indicates a worsening position compared with a year ago when Scotland had the second highest employment rate across all UK countries, 0.9 percentage points below England ( the highest).

Performance Worsening

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Employees on the living wage

Percentage of workers earning less than the living wage. Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of employees earning less than the living wage has decreased from 18.8 per cent in 2012 to 16.9 per cent in 2019. The proportion of employees earning less than the living wage is now lower than at any previous point in the series, which began in 2012.

In 2019, the proportion of employees earning less than the living wage was 16.9 per cent, a decrease of 2.5 percentage points on the previous year.

This indicator can be broken down by age and gender. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Pay gap

The difference between male and female full-time hourly earnings, expressed as a percentage of male full-time hourly earnings. Find out more about this indicator.

The gender pay gap has narrowed considerably from 18.4 per cent in 1997 to 5.6 per cent in 2018, the narrowest since the series began. Having increased over the past year, however, the gap is now at its widest since 2015. In 2019, the gender pay gap (based on full-time employees) was 7.1 per cent, an increase of 1.5 percentage points on the previously year (based on data rounded to 1 decimal place, the increase exceeds the threshold for change). In 2019, the gender pay gap (based on full-time and part-time employees) was 14.3%, a decrease from 15.0% in 2018.

This indicator can be broken down by age. This breakdown can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Worsening

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Employee voice

The percentage of employees who agree that they are affected by collective agreement, defined as whether agreement between trade union and employer affect pay and conditions. Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of employees who have reported that they are part of a collective agreement which affects their pay and conditions has fallen by 1.8 percentage points between 2007 and 2019.

The proportion of employees who have reported that they are part of a collective agreement which affects their pay and conditions has increased from 36.2 per cent in 2018 to 38.1 per cent in 2019.

Performance Improving

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Gender balance in organisations

Gap between male and female employment rate (positive gap represents higher male than female employment rate). Find out more about this indicator.

The gender employment gap has decreased by 4.3 percentage points since 2007, from 10.6 percentage points to 6.3 percentage points in 2019.

In 2019 the gender employment gap was 6.3 percentage points, a decrease of 1.4 percentage points on the previous year.

This indicator can be broken down by age, disability, ethnicity and religion. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Health

Healthy life expectancy

The estimated average number of years that a new born female baby could be expected to live in ‘good’ or ‘very good’ health based on how individuals perceive their general health. Find out more about this indicator.

Healthy life expectancy was previously produced for Scotland by Information Services Division (ISD) within the NHS National Services, Scotland. Responsibility for production passed to ONS and NRS in 2018 as part of a programme of work to harmonise life expectancy and healthy life expectancy estimates across the UK.

A back series calculated using the new methodology shows that HLE has decreased by 0.8 years for females between 2009-2011 and 2016-2018 and has increased by 0.8 years for males between 2009-2011 and 2015-2018. Both of these changes are statistically significant

In 2016-2018, healthy life expectancy for males was 61.9 years, whilst for females the figure was 62.2 years. There was little change in healthy life expectancy between 2015-2017 and 2016-2018 for males or females.

This indicator can be broken down by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Mental wellbeing

Average score on Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale (WEMWBS). Find out more about this indicator.

The mean Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-being Scale (WEMWBS) score in 2019 was 49.8. This is higher than the mean WEMWBS score in 2018 (49.4) although this increase is not significant at the 95% confidence limit. Across the time series mean scores have ranged between 49.4 and 50.0).

Adults in the 65-74 age group had the highest average wellbeing (52.0) compared to adults aged  25-34 who had the lowest average wellbeing (49.1)

There was little difference between the scores for men (49.9) and women (49.7)

Those living in most deprived areas reported lower average mental wellbeing (46.9) compared to those living in the least deprived areas (51.5)

People with a limiting long-term health condition had  lower mean average mental wellbeing (45.4) compared to those who were not disabled (51.9)

There was little difference in mental wellbeing scores between urban areas (49.5) and rural areas (50.7)

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, Disability and urban rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Healthy weight

Percentage of adults (aged 16+) who are a healthy weight. Find out more about this indicator.

The percentage of adults (aged 16+) who were a normal weight in 2019 was 33%, the same as in 2018. The percentage of adults who are a normal weight has remained relatively stable over the past few years, ranging from 33%-35% between 2008 and 2019.

The percentage of children (aged 2 to 15) who are a healthy weight was 68% in 2019, a decrease of 2 percentage points since 2018. This decrease does not represent a significant change at the 95% confidence interval.

The proportion of healthy-weight children has fluctuated since 2008, with the lowest prevalence occurring in 2011 (65%) and the highest in 2015 and 2017 (both 72%).

Overall, more young adults were at a normal weight compared to older adults. The age group with the greatest percentage at a normal weight was the 16-24 group at 54%, while the age group with the smallest percentage at a normal weight was the 65-74 age group (21%).

Among children, 62% of those aged  12-15 were at a healthy weight, compared to 73% of the 7-11 age group and 68% in the 2-6 age group.

29% of men were at a healthy weight in 2019, compared to 36% of women.

This difference was similar in children, with 66% of boys at a healthy weight in 2019, compared with 70% of girls.

28% of adults with a limiting long-term health condition were at a normal weight in 2019, compared to 35% of those who did not have a limiting long-term condition.

For adults, 26% of adults in the most deprived areas were at a healthy weight, compared to 38% of those in the least deprived areas. For children, the trend was similar, with 62% of children in the most deprived areas at a healthy weight, compared to 76% of children living in the least deprived areas.

There was little difference in adults at a normal weight between urban areas (32%) and rural areas (31%)

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Health risk behaviours

Percentage of adults with two or more health risk behaviours (current smoker, harmful drinking, low physical activity, obesity). Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of adults with two or more risk behaviours (current smoker, harmful or hazardous drinker, low physical activity, obesity) in 2019 was 28%, the same as in 2018. The percentage of adults with two or more risk behaviours has remained relatively stable since 2012, ranging from 28% to 32%.

Two or more health risk behaviours were more common amongst older age groups, with the 16-24 group having the lowest percentage (20%) and the 65-74 age group the highest (34%).

Health risk behaviours were slightly more common in men (29%) compared to women (27%).

There was a significant  difference in health risks behaviours by deprivation, with the percentage of adults with two or more health risk behaviours in the most deprived areas (40%) more than double that of the least deprived areas (19%)

Adults with a limiting long-term condition were more likely to engage in 2 or more health risk behaviours  than those without a limiting long-term condition (29% and 22% respectively).

Adults engaging in two or more health risk behaviours were more common in urban areas (29%) compared to rural areas (22%)

This indicator can be broken down by age, disability, gender and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

 

Performance Maintaining

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Physical activity

This indicator looks at the percentage of adults meeting physical activity recommendations.

Based on the current physical activity guidelines, the proportion of adults meeting the recommended level in 2019 was 66%, the same as in 2018. This increase does not represent a significant change at the 95% confidence interval and the arrow is therefore performance maintaining.

Revised guidelines on physical activity were introduced by the Chief Medical Officers of each of the four UK countries in July 2011. The previous recommended level of activity for adults was that they should do at least 30 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week (i.e. at least 5). The new guidelines are that adults should be moderately active for a minimum of 150 minutes a week.

The impact of this change was an increase of around 24 percentage points in the proportion of adults meeting the recommendation. It is not possible to calculate adherence to the new guideline back over the time series, but figures using the old guideline were produced for 2012 and show relatively little change over time (39% in 2011, 38% in 2012).

Adults in younger age groups were more likely to be meeting physical activity recommendations compared to older adults. The most active age group was the 25-34 age group, with 77% meeting recommended levels of physical activity. The least active group was the 75+ age group, with 35% meeting the recommended activity levels.

Men were more likely to meet the physical activity recommendations than women (71% compared to 61%).

74% of adults in the least deprived areas met physical activity recommendations, compared with 54% of adults in the most deprived areas.

55% of adults with a limiting long-term health condition met physical activity recommendations, compared with 73% of those without.

64% of adults living in urban areas met physical activity recommendations, compared to 73% in rural areas.

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation, Disability and urban rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Journeys by active travel

The proportion of short journeys less than 2 miles that are made by walking and the proportion of journeys under 5 miles made by cycling. Find out more about this indicator.

Since 2012, the proportion of journeys under 2 miles made on foot is little changed, from 48.5% to 47.6%. Over that time the proportion of journeys under 5 miles made by bike is little changed from 1.5% in 2012 to 1.7% in 2019.

In 2019, 1.7% of journeys under 5 miles were made by bike (similar to 2018, with just a 0.1% decrease) and 47.6% of journeys under 2 miles were made on foot (a 4.6% increase from 2018).

Although the proportion of cycling journeys remained steady, the rise in the number of walking journeys means the National Indicator status is determined as Performance Improving.

Results show that as adults get older they tend to make a smaller proportion of journeys under two miles by walking.

Those in their 20s, 30s and 40s make the largest proportion of journeys under five miles by bike.

Men take a larger proportion of short journeys bike than women.

White Scottish people take the smallest proportion of short journeys on foot.

People with no religion take a slightly higher proportion of short journeys on foot.

People with a permanent sickness or disability take a greater proportion of their short journeys on foot than the general population.

Over the past few years people living in the most deprived areas in Scotland have generally made a larger proportion of their short journeys by walking compared with those living in the least deprived areas.

However, it is those living in the least deprived areas that make the largest proportion of short trips by bike.

This indicator can be broken down by gender age, Scottish index of Multiple Deprivation, ethnicity, religion and disability. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Improving

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Quality of care experience

This indicator measures the percentage of people who describe the overall care provided by their GP practice as Excellent or Good. Find out more about this indicator.

The percentage of people who describe the overall care provided by their GP practice as Excellent or Good in Scotland fell by 4 percentage points between 2017/18 and 2019/20, from 83% in 2017/18 to 79% in 2019/20.

Those 65 or over were more likely to describe their experience as excellent or good compared to younger age groups. T

here was a gap of 8 percentage points between the most deprived areas (74%) and least deprived areas (82%).

Fewer people with long-term health conditions reported overall care as excellent or good compared to those with no long-term health conditions.

Performance Worsening

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Premature Mortality

European Age Standardised mortality rates per 100,000 for people under 75. Find out more about this indicator.

Since 1997, the rate of premature mortality decreased year-on-year until 2015 when there was an increase. The rate decreased again in 2017 and remained relatively stable in 2018, however, it remains at a higher level than in 2014, the lowest year on record. Despite the higher mortality rate after 2014, premature mortality rates are currently 17 per cent lower than in 2006.

However, this decrease has not been equal across socio-economic status, with premature mortality rates in the most deprived areas 3.3 times higher than in the least deprived areas in 2018. The deprivation mortality gap has widened since 2001 when premature mortality rates in the most deprived areas were 2.5 times higher than in the least deprived areas.

This indicator can be broken down by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Human Rights

Quality of public services

Percentage of respondents who are fairly or very satisfied with the quality of local services (local health services, local schools and public transport). Find out more about this indicator.

The percentage of adults satisfied with local health services, local schools and public transport in 2019 was 52.6%, down from the level in 2007 of 57.1% (the first year these data were collected). Levels of satisfaction have decreased from a peak of 66.0% in 2011, but have remained stable in the last two years.

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, ethnicity, disability, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Influence over local decisions

Percentage of people who agree with the statement "I can influence decisions affecting my local area". Find out more about this indicator.

In 2019, 17.8% of people agreed that they can influence decisions affecting their local area, down from 20.1% in 2018. This is a decrease of 2.3 percentage points since last year, and is the lowest level since first measured in 2007.

This indicator can be broken down by age, ethnicity, gender, disability, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

 

 

Performance Worsening

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Access to justice

The proportion of adults who are confident that the Scottish Criminal Justice System, as a whole, makes sure everyone has access to the justice system if they need it. Find out more about this indicator.

The proportion of adults who were confident that the Scottish Justice System makes sure everyone has access to the Justice System if they need it was 76% in 2018/19, unchanged since 2017/18 (75%) and increased since 2008/09 (70%).

There were some differences between the proportion of adults who were confident that the Scottish Justice System makes sure everyone has access to the Justice System by  demographic and geographic characteristics. For instance:

  • confidence was higher for men than women (78% compared to 75%)

  • confidence was higher for younger people than older people (81% of 16-24 and 78% of 25-44 compared to 74% of 45-59 and 73% of people aged 60 and over)

  • confidence was lower for adults living in the 15% most deprived areas than for those living elsewhere in Scotland (72% compared to 77%)

This indicator can be broken down by age, gender, Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and victim status. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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International

Scotland's reputation

Anholt GfK-Roper Nation Brands Index (NBI): Average scores of the six dimensions of national competence, given as a value (not percentage) out of 100. Find out more about this indicator.

Scotland’s overall score on the Anholt-GfK Roper Nation Brands IndexSM (NBISM) was 62.7 in 2018, an increase of 0.5 points since the last measurement in 2016 (62.2). This is the highest score Scotland has received since the baseline study in 2008 (60.2). The score positions Scotland 16th across 50 evaluated countries around the world. Countries that did better than Scotland and ranked in the Top 10 were Germany, Japan, United Kingdom, France, Canada, Italy, United States, Switzerland, Sweden and Australia.

Performance Maintaining

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Scotland's Population

This indicator measures the number of council areas experiencing population decline.

Whilst Scotland’s total population is growing, this is not uniform across all of Scotland. This measure helps monitor how many councils are experiencing depopulation. Over the latest year to mid-2019, 8 council areas experienced a falling population (mostly island and rural areas, as well as areas in the west of Scotland). This is an improving position from 14 council areas in mid-2018.

See maps for details of population change by council area, as well as population change by small area (data zone) to show every council has areas of population growth and decline.

The Scottish Government’s Ministerial Taskforce on Population is helping tackle Scotland’s population challenges – find out more about this in the population factsheet and access the population dashboard to see the full range of indicators being used to monitor progress.

Find out more about this indicator.

Performance Improving

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Contribution of development support to other nations

This indicator measures Scotland's contribution of development support to other nations. Find out more about this indicator.

Scotland's contribution of development support to other nations was indexed at 100 in 2017, intended to be the baseline year.

Performance for this indicator is currently assess as "performance to be confirmed". This is due to this indicator being a newly developed indicator, taking 2017 as a baseline year for the indicator to be indexed against. While data exists for this indicator prior to 2017, is is felt that the most appropriate way of assessing performance would be comparing performance from 2017 forward.

Data for 2017 is expected to be added in due course, with the publication of the "International Networks" indicator.

Performance to be confirmed

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Poverty

Relative poverty after housing costs

The proportion of individuals living in private households with an equivalised income of less than 60% of the UK median after housing costs. Find out more about this indicator.

19% of the population lived in relative poverty after housing costs in 2016-19, following a broadly stable trend with 20%, 19% and 19% in poverty in the three previous periods.

This indicator can be broken down by age, disability, gender and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Wealth inequality

The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality where 0 expresses perfect equality (every household has the same wealth) and 100 expresses maximal inequality (one household has all the wealth and all others have none). Find out more about this indicator.

Wealth inequality in households in Scotland as measured by the Gini coefficient was at 62 in 2016-2018, compared to 60 in 2014-2016 and 62 in 2012-2014. The Gini coefficient of wealth inequality has fluctuated in previous years with no clear trend.

Performance Maintaining

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Cost of living

Cost of living refers to the percentage of net income spent on housing, fuel and food by households in Scotland and is measured as a three-year rolling average. Find out more about this indicator.

The cost of living has been relatively stable since the first data point for this indicator, 2013-14 – 2015/16. The cost of living for households with children has been similar to all households since 2013-14 – 2015/16. However, households with incomes in the lowest three deciles (both with and without children) have almost double the cost of living compared with all households in Scotland.

This indicator can be broken down by household type. This breakdown can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Unmanageable debt

The Unmanageable Debt indicator measures the percentage of households where the household is falling behind with bills or credit commitments and either making excessive debt repayments or is in arrears on monthly commitments (liquidity problems); or where the household is burdened by high debt levels relative to annual income (solvency problems). Find out more about this indicator.

2.9% of households in Scotland were in unmanageable debt in 2016-2018. This compares to 2.8% in 2014-2016 and 4.0% in 2012-2014. The estimated proportion of households in unmanageable debt stayed the same compared to the previous period. This suggests that performance is maintaining.

This indicator can be broken down by age, children in household, disability of household members and household type. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Persistent poverty

The proportion of people in Scotland living in relative poverty after housing costs for three out of the last four years. Find out more about this indicator.

13% of the population lived in persistent poverty after housing costs in 2014-2018. This means they were in relative poverty after housing costs for at least 3 out of the 4 years in the reference period. This compares to 12%, 11% and 10% in the three previous periods, suggesting a worsening trend.

This indicator can be broken down by age. This breakdown can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Worsening

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Satisfaction with housing

The percentage of households who report being either "very satisfied" or "fairly satisfied" with their house or flat. Find out more about this indicator.

Overall ratings of housing satisfaction have been consistently high, with over nine in ten households typically reporting they are “very” or “fairly satisfied” with their house or flat since 2007.  The figure is at 90.1% in 2019, a similar level to the figure of 90.3% in 2018.

Generally, there is a high level of satisfaction with housing across both rural and urban areas, where around nine in ten are “very” or “fairly” satisfied with their house or flat. Rural areas are slightly more likely to report higher satisfaction levels with housing compared to urban areas (94% versus 89%).

Deprivation reveals differences in housing satisfaction levels, as the proportion being “very” or “fairly” satisfied with their house or flat increases significantly as deprivation declines. Of those living in the 20% most deprived areas of Scotland in 2019, 84% report being “very” or “fairly” satisfied with their house or flat, rising to 95% for those living in the 20% least deprived areas.

This indicator can be broken down by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and urban/rural classification. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance Maintaining

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Food insecurity

The proportion of adults reporting that, at some point in the previous 12 months, they were worried they would run out of food because of a lack of money or other resources. Find out more about this indicator.

This indicator can be broken down by age, equivalised income, gender, household type, limiting longstanding illness and Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation. These breakdowns can be viewed on the Equality Evidence Finder.

Performance to be confirmed

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Graph Load

Year Figure
2016-17 66.10
2015-16 72.00
2014-15 71.20
2013-14 70.80

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