Description:

This indicator monitors Scotland’s Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

GERD comprises Research and Development undertaken by the business, higher education, government and private non-profit sectors so GERD as a percentage of GDP serves as a general indicator of expenditure on R&D: a technical input to the innovation process.

This indicator monitors Scotland’s Gross Expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

GERD comprises Research and Development undertaken by the business, higher education, government and private non-profit sectors so GERD as a percentage of GDP serves as a general indicator of expenditure on R&D: a technical input to the innovation process.

Source of Data:

Data on the components of GERD in Scotland are published annually by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). These data are then published, in more detail, by the Scottish Government as part of its annual Gross Expenditure on R&D Scotland publication.  Detail on the underlying sources for each component of GERD is available within the background notes of the Gross Expenditure on R&D Scotland publication.

Gross Expenditure on R&D Scotland is a National Statistics publication.

Definitions:

N/A. 

Criteria for Change:

This evaluation is based on:

  • any difference in the gap within +/- 0.05 percentage points of last year's figure suggests that the position is more likely to be maintaining than showing any change.
  • A decrease in the gap of 0.05 percentage points or more suggests the position is improving.
  • an increase of 0.05 percentage points or more suggests the position is worsening.

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